Bolzano

Bolzano (German: Bozen) is the capital city of the Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol region, sitting close to the Italy/Austria border. Before World War I, Bolzano was part of the Austro-Hungarian county of Tyrol, after which it became annexed by Italy and subjected to an intensive Italianization. During World War II, Bolzano was the site of the Nazi Bolzano Transit Camp, a concentration camp for Jews and political prisoners. Today, Bolzano is the seat of the Free University of Bozen-Bolzano. It is also home of the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology in Bolzano is where the ice mummy "Ötzi" is kept. The city is also the home of the Italian Army's Alpini High Command (COMALP) and some of its combat and support units. The city, with its medieval city centre, Gothic and Romanesque churches and bilingual signage give it a unique flavour of a city at the crossroads between Italian and Austrian cultures. This and its natural and cultural attractions make it a renowned tourist destination. The major monuments and sights include Walther Square, the Gothic Cathedral, Old Parish church of Gries, Castle Maretsch, Runkelstein Castle, Firmian/Sigmundskron Castle, Victory Monument and Messner Mountain Museum of Reinhold Messner.

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